1. Root canal Treatment
2. Root canal Retreatment
3. Apicoectomy and retrograde filling
Endodontic treatment is necessary when deep cavities or dental injuries involves dental pulp (nerve).
This procedure consists in removing dental pulp and replacing it with a thermoplastic material (gutta-percha) and root canal cement, after proper cleansing/disinfection and shaping of the root canals.
Periapical lesions (granuloma, abscess), can be treated with a surgical-endodontic approach when orthograde root canal treatment/retreatment is not possible or unsuccessful.